Tuesday, 9 July 2019

 "In recent years, there has been a confrontational animosity between the Philippines and China over the waters of the West Philippine Sea ("South China Sea"). It seems that such political and territorial conflict have drawn back deep-seated resentment of Filipinos towards Chinese making it like an "us against them" mentality. There is a long history of Filipino-Chinese relations even way before the first generation Chinese immigrants settled in the country and even before the Spanish and Americans came into the picture.

It is more than 600 years ago when Sulu Sultan Paduka Pahala visited the Ming court of Yongle Emperor (Zhu De) in 1417. Together with his family and his loyal Tausug officials, retinue and slaves, they sailed through the same waters that is claimed by both countries today. During this time, the Ming has just established their rule after driving out the Mongols from China. It was also during this time when China has reestablished its influence outside its borders with ships from Zheng He reaching India, the Middle East and even Africa. The visit of the Sultan is a perfect time to reestablish good trading relations with the Chinese. In exchange for silk, porcelain, and exquisite products from the Chinese, the Sulu Sultanate gave extravagant tribute of spices, pearls, and other exotic tropical products not found in the great cities of Nanjing, Kaifeng, Beijing and Guangzhou.

According to Ming chronicles and Sulu oral histories based from the grand vizier Datu Albi Julkarnain, “the Eastern King of Sulu (Buansa and Jolo) Paduka Pahala (or Paduka Batara), the Western King of Mahalachii (Pangaturan) Maharajah and King of Mountain Kalabating (Dungon, Tawi-Tawi) called Paduka Prabu, brought their families and their chiefs, altogether more than 350 persons, to China carrying their tributes to the Emperor.”

The Sultan's state visit was accorded with lavish ceremonies culminated with the exchange of gifts. They were billeted in luxury accommodation and were entertained by servants befitting that of royalty. It is not known but it is widely believed that on October 8, 1417, the Sultan contracted a mysterious disease in the middle of his trip along the Grand Canal and died at Dezhou. The emperor has commissioned artisans and sculptors to build a tomb for the deceased Sultan, which still stands today." - extracted from https://istoryadista.blogspot.com/2018/02/the-lost-story-of-sulu-sultan-in-ming.html

image taken from https://istoryadista.blogspot.com/2018/02/the-lost-story-of-sulu-sultan-in-ming.html

600 years ago, Jolo port is a major trading hub of Southeast Asia. It there that Sultan Paduka Pahala with 300 warriors left for China to meet his good friend Ming Emperor Yongle during the period where the forbidden city was just built. China considered Sulu not as an island but as a state then and Emperor Yongle considered him as an equal and a “kind and gentle ruler.” But after hundreds of years fighting of its dignity, land, people and faith, Jolo has been left behind in terms of development. Until now. With a half billion Port and jolo boulevard 2017 to 2018, Jolo may soon regain its long lost glory.

Now, a 100 million expansion of Jolo port this 2017 plus another 200 million by 2018 will triple the capacity of the Jolo port. In addition, the 200 million Jolo boulevard that will protect the thousands of people from storm surges and provide breathtaking tourism view expansion.

This half billion two year port with boulevard development of Jolo is being undertaken by the ARMM Regional Government under Governor Mujiv Hataman and President Rodrigo Duterte. Jolo Mayor Kherkar Tan who had been in coordination with DE Hadjirul for this projects and Sulu Provincial Governor Toto Tan have expressed gratitude for the immense infrastructure support of the ARMM Regional Government under Gov Hataman that will help uplift the lives of the people of the once great Sultanate of Sulu. Gen Sobejana of the Joint Task Force Sulu had committed full support of the AFP in ensuring the security of the development workers in the area. DE Munir Hadjirul expressed deep thanks to Gen Sobejana and the Generals in Sulu for their full support in the development efforts of the region.

1. Paduka Andulu 1417 -- one of the TWO sonS of the younger Paduka Batara Rajah Sipad (East Sulu king) with 2nd wife Kamulin (Gemuning)

 2. Paduka Batara (Paduka Pahala) Rajah Sipad the younger -- East Sulu King who succeeded the elder Paduka Batara Rajah Sipad (Sripaduka) -- the only foreign king who was buried in a tomb with a mausoleum and with a Muslim chinese village in charge of guarding it in Dezhou city Shandong China October 23, 1417 -- paid a tribute mission to Ming Dynasty’s Emperor Yongle (Zhu di) on August 1417 --- fell ill and died in Dezhou , Shandong province, China on Sept. 13, 1417. Yongle emperor Zhu di immediately commissioned artisans and sculptors to build a tomb for the deceased monarch, which still stands today The tomb of the 13th century Sultan of Sulu Paduka Pahala can be located at the Decheng district of Dezhou. The only mausoleum of a "foreign king" in China, it is the only burial place with a Muslim chinese village in charge of guarding it. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WHv7y... East Sulu (Buansa and Jolo)

3. 1st Wife unknown name

4. Eldest son Paduka Tumahan

5. 2nd wife Kamulin (Gemuning)

6. sons: Paduka Wenhala and Paduka Andulu About two hours from Beijing by bullet train is the city of Dezhou in the province of Shandong. In Dezhou, there's a Chinese-Muslim village, many of whose inhabitants trace their roots to the East rajah (KING) of Sulu. They have concrete proof of that connection: the tomb of the 15th century East rajah of Sulu Paduka BATARA (Pahala) Rajah Sipad the youngerat the Decheng district of Dezhou. We talked with two of the 19th generation descendants of Pahala--58-year-old An Fengdong and 36-year-old An Jing, who, although they have never been to the Philippines, have fond thoughts about Sulu from the stories of their grandparents.

The story of Pahala tells of the glorious days of Kingdom of Sulu, 100 years before the Spaniards supposedly "discovered" the Philippines. It also speaks of the deep and long friendship between the people of the Philippines and China which is now under severe challenges over the conflict in the South China Sea. Materials available on Sulu East King Paduka Pahala inform us that on August 1417 in the 15th year of Yongle Empire, a 343-strong delegation from Sulu came to Beijing to pay tribute to the Yongle Emperor Zhu Di of the Ming dynasty. Bringing the bounties of Sulu as gifts, Pahala was received grandly by Yongle, who also showered his guests with gifts. Pahala's delegation stayed in Beijing for 27 days. On their way back to Sulu, Pahala fell ill and died at the courier station on Sept. 13, 1417.

Upon learning of Pahala's death, Yongle arranged an elaborate funeral as "standard for a brother of the empire." He ordered to have cultural relics like royal monuments, stone sculptures of human, horse, and sheep in the south of Pahala’s tomb, just what they do with the burial places of Chinese princes. After the burial, Pahala's eldest son, Paduka Tumana (Rakiah Baginda), returned to Sulu to take his father's place in the Kingdom. Pahala's wife, Kamulin and their younger two sons, Paduka Wenhala and Paduka Andulu , stayed to take care of their father's burial place. The Chinese government gave them land and salary to take care of the mausoleum. In 1424, Kamulin went back to Sulu but returned to Dezhou after about a year. She never left Dezhou after that. Kamulin's tomb as well as that of Wen and An are also located in the mausoleum complex which now includes a mosque. In the 9th year of the Kangxi Empire in Qing dynasty (1731 AD), the government approved the application for citizenship of the descendants of the Sulu East king. They have surnames Wen and An. An Jing estimates some 200 relatives in Dezhou and 3,700 descendants of Sulu East King all over China. An Jing said she is aware of the problem in relations between China and the Philippines now but she believes friendship will win in the end because "our hearts are connected." An Jing said, “Guided by the spirit of my ancestors, I will try hard to make my own contribution for China-Philippine relations.”


The Sultanate of Sulu (Tausūg: Kasultanan sin Sūg, Jawi: کسلطانن سولو دار الإسلام, Malay: Kesultanan Sulu, Arabic: سلطنة سولك‎) was a Muslim state[note 1] that ruled the islands in the Sulu Archipelago, parts of Mindanao, certain portions of Palawan and north-eastern Borneo (present-day the certain parts of Sabah and North Kalimantan). The sultanate was founded on 17 November 1405.[note 2]by a Johore-born explorer and religious scholar Sharif ul-Hashim. Paduka Mahasari Maulana al Sultan Sharif ul-Hashim became his full regnal name, Sharif-ul Hashim is his abbreviated name. He settled in Buansa, Sulu. After the marriage of Abu Bakr and a local dayang-dayang (princess) Paramisuli, he founded the sultanate. The Sultanate gained its independence from the Bruneian Empire in 1578.[9]

 At its peak, it stretched over the islands that bordered the western peninsula of Mindanao in the east to Palawan in the north. It also covers the area in northeastern side of Borneo, stretching from Marudu Bay,[10][11] to Tepian Durian (in present-day Kalimantan).[12][13] While another source stated the area stretching from Kimanis Bay which also overlaps with the boundaries of the Bruneian Sultanate.[14] Due to the arrival of western powers such as the Spanish, British, Dutch, French, German and American, the Sultan thalassocracy and sovereign political powers were relinquished by 1915 through an agreement that was signed with the last colonialist, the United States.[15][16][17][18] In 1962, Philippine Government under the leadership of President Diosdado Macapagal officially recognised the continued existence of the Sultanate of Sulu.[19] On 24 May 1974, Sultan Mohammed Mahakuttah Kiram (reigned 1974–1986), was the last officially recognized Sulu Sultan in the Philippines, having been recognized by President Ferdinand Marcos. On 15 August 1974 Sultan Moh. Mahakuttah A. Kiram submitted the organisational structure of the Sultanate of Sulu to the President of Philippines. The above named structure confirmed that Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram was the Raja Muda (Crown Prince) of Sulu.

Under Rodrigo Duterte's administration, calls to finally settle the dispute of who is the officially recognized Sultan of Sulu via government recognition through an Executive Order was voiced out by various parties[who?] involved with the issue.[citation needed] The calls have yet to be dealt with by the government since 2017,[according to whom?] along with a 2016 electoral promise to retake North Borneo now Sabah.[citation needed] In 2016, for the first time in history, the five contesting sultans of Sulu, Sultan Ibrahim Bahjin, Sultan Muizuddin Jainal Bahjin, Sultan Muedzul-Lail Tan Kiram, Sultan Mohammad Venizar Julkarnain Jainal Abirin, and Sultan Phugdalun Kiram signed a covenant in an unprecedented move aimed at consolidating and strengthening the sultanate's unity. The ceremony was held in Zamboanga City and was attended by hundreds of supporters and members of the different Royal Houses of the Sultanate of Sulu, and religious leaders and representatives of various sectors, including those from mainland Mindanao. In May 9, 2018, all five sultans of the sultanate and their supporters converged again in Zamboanga City in support of the establishment of the Zambasulta Federal State through a federal form of Philippine government. The event was officially declared as the Bangsa Sug Consensus. - WIKIPEDIA


Post a Comment